* Adolescent values, estimates for adolescents aged 19 years.
§ Child values, estimates for children aged 5 years.
† Adult values, age-standardised estimates for adults aged 20 years and older for BMI and 18 years and older for diabetes, blood pressure, and cholesterol.
Children and adolescents: Moderate/severe underweight refers to -2SD below the median of the WHO growth reference. Underweight refers to -1SD below. Overweight refers to 1SD above. Obesity refers to 2SD above.
Adults: Underweight refers to BMI <18.5 kg/m². Obesity refers to BMI ≥30 kg/m². Severe obesity refers to BMI ≥35 kg/m². Morbid obesity refers to BMI ≥40 kg/m².
Diabetes is defined as fasting plasma glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L, or history of diagnosis with diabetes, or use of insulin or oral hypoglycaemic drugs.
Raised BP is defined as SBP ≥140 mmHg, or DBP ≥90 mmHg.
HDL: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; Non-HDL: non-HDL cholesterol; TC: total cholesterol.